Get Alexander of Aphrodisias: On Aristotle Prior Analytics 1.1-7 PDF

By Alexander of Aphrodisias

ISBN-10: 1780934548

ISBN-13: 9781780934549

Alexander of Aphrodisias, who flourished c. 200AD, used to be the prime Peripatetic thinker of his age. such a lot of his philosophical energies have been spent in commenting upon Aristotle: his remark at the past Analytics continues to be essentially the most thorough and important courses to this hard paintings; furthermore, the remark preserves beneficial information regarding quite a few features of Stoic good judgment, and it additionally provides an image of specific syllogistic at a turning aspect in its old improvement.
This quantity incorporates a translation of the 1st 3rd of the remark - the half facing non-modal syllogistic. the interpretation is preceded by way of a considerable creation which discusses Alexander's position within the commentatorial culture and his use of logical terminology. The booklet is done by way of a translation of the pertinent a part of the past Analytics, a precis account of specific syllogistic, and a suite of indexes.

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Extra info for Alexander of Aphrodisias: On Aristotle Prior Analytics 1.1-7 (Ancient Commentators on Aristotle)

Example text

44 6,21-6 =FDS 1099. 45 The later tradition regularly connects 'perfection* with indemonstrability (on which see Introduction, p. 21): see below 24,4-5; 55,3; 69,28; 113,7; Galen, Inst. Log. viii 1-4; Apuleius, Int. 188,4-11; Sextus, PH II 198; Boethius, Syll. Cat. 823A; cf. Frede (1974a), p. 128; Flannery. 1. Preface 49 which he does not propose to deal with here - in the books entitled Posterior Analytics. ) Now the reason why he entitles the work on syllogisms Prior Analytics and the work on demonstration Posterior Analytics is that the syllogism is by nature prior to demonstration.

288; Mignucci (1969), p. 181). But note the subtle interpretation in Brunschwig(1981). 7 As a matter of fact, demonstrative sciences do not speak about (peri) demonstrations. Hence we toyed with emending pert to dia (or meta): demonstrative sciences speak through or with demonstrations. 8 On Alexander's account of propositions see Lee, pp. 55-8. 9 Above, 6,32-7,11. 10 See below, 24,23-25,11 and note to 25,11. 2.

We normally use 'purpose' or 'propose'; but the words are not technical, and we have chosen different renderings as idiom suggests. There is, however, one semi-technical use of the verb - or rather of the associated passive verb and participle, prokeisthai and prokeimenon. In the context of a syllogism, to prokeimenon is, as it were, what the syllogism or the syllogizer is aiming at: it is the putative conclusion of the syllogism. If you say to yourself'I want to find an argument to show X', then X is to prokeimenon.

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