By Paul E. Ceruzzi
This enticing heritage covers sleek computing from the improvement of the 1st digital electronic laptop in the course of the dot-com crash. the writer concentrates on 5 key moments of transition: the transformation of the pc within the overdue Forties from a really good medical tool to a advertisement product; the emergence of small platforms within the past due Sixties; the start of private computing within the Nineteen Seventies; the unfold of networking after 1985; and, in a bankruptcy written for this version, the interval 1995-2001. the recent fabric makes a speciality of the Microsoft antitrust swimsuit, the increase and fall of the dot-coms, and the arrival of open resource software program, quite Linux. in the chronological narrative, the ebook lines numerous overlapping threads: the evolution of the computer's inner layout; the influence of financial tendencies and the chilly warfare; the long term position of IBM as a participant and as a goal for upstart marketers; the expansion of software program from a hidden aspect to a huge personality within the tale of computing; and the routine factor of where of knowledge and computing in a democratic society. the focal point is at the usa (though Europe and Japan input the tale at the most important points), on computing in line with se instead of on purposes comparable to man made intelligence, and on structures that have been bought commercially and put in in amounts.
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Additional resources for A History of Modern Computing (2nd Edition)
3 msec. Input and output was through a Flexowriter. The LGP-30 had only 113 vacuum tubes and 1,350 diodes (unlike the UNIVAC’s 5,400 tubes and 18,000 diodes), and looked like an oversized office desk. At $30,000 for a basic but complete system, it was also one of the cheapest early computers ever offered. 96 It was not the direct ancestor of the minicomputer, which revolutionized computing in the late 1960s, but many minicomputer pioneers knew of the LGP-30. Librascope offered a transistorized version in 1962, but soon abandoned the general-purpose field and turned to specialized guidance-and-control computers for aerospace and defense customers.
The Navy assigned it a number of jobs, or ‘‘tasks,’’ that ERA carried out. Most of these were highly classified and related to the business of breaking codes. Task 13, assigned in August 1947, was for a general-purpose electronic computer. ERA completed the machine, code-named ‘‘Atlas,’’ and asked the Navy to clear them for an unclassified version they could sell on the open market. 83 As might be expected from a company like ERA, the 1101 was intended for scientific or engineering customers, and its design reflected that.
In 1953 they began selling the CRC-102A, a production version of a computer called CADAC that had been built for the Air Force. It was a stored-program, general-purpose computer based on a drum memory. 91 In some of the published descriptions, engineers describe its design as based directly on logic states derived from statements of Boolean algebra. This so-called West Coast design was seen as distinct from the designs of Eckert and Mauchly, who thought in terms not of logic states, but of current pulses gated through various parts of a machine.
A History of Modern Computing (2nd Edition) by Paul E. Ceruzzi