By Richard Black, Godfried Engbersen, Marek Okólski, Cristina Pantîru
A Continent relocating West? argues that the conceptualization of migration as a one-way or long term procedure is changing into more and more large of the mark. fairly, east-west exertions migration in Europe, in universal possibly with different flows in and from different elements of the realm, is diversified, fluid, and prompted through the dynamics of neighborhood and sector-specific exertions markets and migration-related political laws. The papers during this booklet give a contribution to serious knowing of the east-west migration in the ecu Union after the 2004 growth, from the hot to the previous member states.
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A Continent relocating West? argues that the conceptualization of migration as a one-way or long term technique is turning into more and more extensive of the mark. fairly, east-west exertions migration in Europe, in universal probably with different flows in and from different elements of the realm, is different, fluid, and prompted via the dynamics of neighborhood and sector-specific exertions markets and migration-related political rules.
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Extra resources for A Continent Moving West?: EU Enlargement and Labour Migration from Central and Eastern Europe
Fafo-rapport 2007:27. Oslo: Fafo. H. J. S. States’, Journal of International Economics 57 (1): 3-29. Hagemann, G. & H. G. Hagemann & H. ), Twentieth-century housewives: Meanings and implications of unpaid work. Oslo: Unipub: 1-12 Hjarnø, J. (2003), Illegal immigrants and developments in employment in the labour markets of the EU. Research in migration and ethnic relations. Aldershot/Burlington: Ashgate. D. (1997), ‘Respondent-driven sampling: A new approach to the study of hidden populations’, Social Problems 44: 174-199.
The incentive to employ subcontractors instead of direct employment is not just related to differences in wages and labour costs – increasing flexibility and reducing social charges for foreign employees may also be a powerful motivator. In 2009, Norway lifted the transitional restrictions on A8 countries, opening up the labour market for free movement of labour without the previous possibility of ensuring proper wages through immigration control measures. It remains to be seen whether the situation of migrants coming as service providers was a preview of deteriorating working conditions and more widespread wage-dumping for individual labour migrants in the construction sector after 2009.
For example, with a two-category variable in the groups a and b, we can produce an estimate for the share of a respondents in the population using the formula, where Pa is the population estimate, Sba is the share of a-members recruited by b members and Nb is the average network size of b members: Pa ¼ Sba Nb Sba Nb þ Sab Na Source: Salganik and Heckathorn (2004) Variable-specific estimates can be produced using especially designed software for RDS data (RDS-STAT). However, since it is difficult to produce multivariate estimates in RDS-STAT, we have used estimates of central characteristics of the population to produce general sample weights.
A Continent Moving West?: EU Enlargement and Labour Migration from Central and Eastern Europe by Richard Black, Godfried Engbersen, Marek Okólski, Cristina Pantîru